Sights and monuments of Algiers
Algiers, the capital of Algeria is a more than 3 million inhabitants metropolis in the south the Mediterranean sea.
Very coveted both by its northern neighbors in the Mediterranean sea , especially by the Spanish under Charles Quint, the Portuguese, the French, and even by the Americans, she experienced various invasions (vandal, Byzantine, Arabic etc …) and was partially occupied by the romans during the Numidia era, the Ottomans since 1515, then by the French since 1830 to 1962.
In the 4th century BC, Algiers, which was known under the name of Icosim, was a Phoenician small harbor that was used for trading. It and becomes Icosium under the Roman occupation.
In the middle Ages, succeeding to the Berber tribe of Bani Mezghena, the Zirid dynasty took possession of it and erected it as the capital of her dynasty. Icosium becomes Algiers (El Djzazair which means the islands). The city developed considerably under the reign of the sovereign Bologhine Ibn Ziri, and it can rightly be said that the Kasbah is partly the legacy of this monarch to contemporary Algeria.
The history of the Kasbah is closely related to the history of Algeria, especially the history of the war for independence (1954-1962).
It was the seat of the legendary autonomous zone of Algiers which was responsible for the organization of resistance in urban areas (la battaille d’Alger 1n 1957) and wrote the most glorious pages of the Algerian resistance history.
Under the leadership of Ben M’hidi, Yacef Saadi, Ali la pointe, Djamila Bouhired, Hassiba Ben Bouali Zohra Drif and many others, she opposed a fierce resistance to the French occupation.
The heroic resistance of the Kasbah and its valiant inhabitants has been immortalized by two masterpieces that have accessed to posterity.
The first is the movie entitled “Battle of Algiers” by the famous Italian filmmaker Gilo Pontecorvo and the second, “Tahia ya didou” by the Algerian filmmaker Mohamed Zinet.
Intramural Algiers is made up of two parts that differ in their architecture and urbanism.
The west side, the Kasbah with its traditional houses in the middle of which meander narrow streets. Built on the hillside, it rushes from the Citadel (Palais du Dey) its highest point, to the bastion 23 (Palais des Rais, palace of the Barberouse brothers) at whose feet die the waves of Algiers Bay .
The east side, the European city, heritage of the French colonial era, with its Haussmanian style buildings and its large avenues.
Your itinerary: This program is our proposal. We can adapt it to your wishes.
- Visit of the Riadh el Fath panoramic site, which is ideal for taking photos of the whole bay of Algiers and an overview of the Kasbah.
- Visit of the National Army Museum.
- Visit of the museum of fine arts and Dar Abdelatif then, lunch.
- Visits of the Bardo museum and the Antiquities museum.
- Visit of the Church ‘’Sacré Coeur’’ downtown, visit of the Basilica “Notre Dame d’Afrique” on the heights of Algiers.
- -Visit of the Kasbah: The “Palais des Rais”,Bastion 23 the palace of the famous corsairs Barbarossa,Dar Khdaoudj El Amia (the daughter’s palace of the Dey), and the traditional arts museum
- Small walk in ‘’Place des martyrs’’ (center of the old Algiers), lunch downtown.
- Free afternoon.
- Visit of the city of Cherchell, former Caesarea capital of the Numidian empire and discovery of its Roman remains (amphitheater, Roman statues, mosaics, architectural monuments, etc ...). The city constitutes an increasingly important tourist pole in the country
- Visit of Tipaza Roman remains and the royal Mauritanian tom