Official name :
Algerian Republic Democratic and Popular
2,4 million km2
Algeria, four times large as France, consists of a succession of contrasting areas. The northern part forms a border of 2,200 km wide, bordering the Mediterranean sea.This Mediterranean climate area concentrates 94% of the population. The chain of the Tell and Saharian Atlas enclose a region of high plains, with dry and tropical climate. In the South, on 1 6000 km2, spreads out the Sahara.
In the south-east stands the Hoggar, where there are hydrocarbons. In the interior, along the coastal wadis, spread out many fertile valleys.
Republic. Presidential system
33.8 million (60.7 million France)
33.8 million (60.7 million France) :
14 inhabitants. / Km2 (France: 110 inhabitants. / Km2 )
Urban Population :
59.39% (76.49% France)
Life expectancy :
71.47 years (80.16 years France))
Languages spoken :
Arabic, language, Tamazight, recognized national language, and French.
A Mediterranean climate covers the North, while a desert climate characterises the South. During the summer, the warmest month in Algiers, is August
Temperatures vary between day and night in the Sahara. The barometer indicates variations between 40 ° the day and 5 by night.While the North has a Mediterranean climate.
In summer, temperatures are high. in the north coastal towns, winter temperatures range from 8 ° C and 15 ° C.
They climb to 25 ° C in May, to an average of 28 ° C to 30 ° C in July and August (28 ° C in Skikda, 29.5 ° C in Algiers).
Always in the north, On the mountains of Kabylia, the temperature is about 3 ° C to -7 ° C in winter and snow
At the center of the country, in the Aures and in the highlands of Djelfa region, summer temperatures range from 30 ° C to 38 ° C.
In the Sahara, the temperature is 15 to 28 ° C in winter to 40 to 45 ° C or more in summer.
The regions of the Sahara are characterized by an arid and dry climate. The annual average rainfall in the north, is 100 mm and 20 mm in the south,. In coastal areas, the annual average is 200 mm. However, heavy rains were reported in Algeria in several cities. The damage is considerable. In 2008, the town of Ghardaia, which is part of world heritage, has been flooded by a large amount of rain deluge.
Wind factor :
Very variable in the North and the South. The wind forces do not exceed 120 km / h.
Sunshine: Algeria is one of the most sunny country of the Mediterranean basin.
Even if some areas are still isolated in Algeria because of the lack of roads infrastructure, the Algerian network is one of the most dense in the African continent, its length is about 108 302 km of roads (of which 76 028 km are tarred ) equipped with 3 756 structures. This network should be complemented by a large section of 1 216 km, which is in progress, and which should connect the city of Annaba in the far east to the town of Tlemcen in the far West.
Time difference : no difference in winter – in summer 1h
Dialling international Code : 213
Internet domain : .dz
Currency: : Algerian dinar. 1 € = 100 DZD
Credit cards: In Algeria, credit cards Visa, Mastercard, Eurocard and American Express are accepted
Taxes: Tax TVA variable from 5 to 17% is applied on most goods and services in Algeria.
The electrical devices used in Algeria operate on 220/230 volts, with European style plugs.
The United States and Canada only operate using an adapter that is not generally available in hotels.
Weekly Rest days:
The weekly rest days are set on Friday and Saturday since August 14, 2009.
The legal and national holidays:
January 1st: new years day.
1er May: Labor Day
July 5: Independence Day ,and Youth fest.
November 1st: Anniversary of the beginning of the algerian revolution.
If you plan to stay in northern Algeria, there is no special arragement to take.
for the south (Sahara):
* Provide warm clothing because at night it’s chilly, strong walking shoes, and necessarily , sunglasses, a flashlight, toilet paper …
Accommodation in traditional houses or homestay, offers Significant conditions of comfort and hygiene ,
with running hot and cold water showers and toilets.
But it should be noted that this comfort does not correspond to that of classified hotels.
The physical effort provided during the stay in the desert are not very important.
You have just to adapt to the heat by providing adequate protections.
The 2 or 3 hours of Camel riding require no particular physical training, and you can always, if the swaying rhythm of the camel is bothering you, make the crossing on foot.
Accidents and Diseases:
The most common illnesses are related to changes of temperature and food, and may cause temporary diarrhea that generally disappear after 1 or 2 days. Provide basic medicines to deal with any niggling injuries.
Specify at time of booking if you require a special diet (vegetarian, allergy, Diabetes …
Journeys in southern Algeria are supervised by experienced guides speaking generally French.